Role of Occupational Therapist

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You give a man a fish you feed him for a day you teach a man to fish and you feed him for life. Dependency, am sure is not liked by anyone. A person feels dejected when he is depended on caretakers for his everyday activities.
Occupational therapy teaches its professional to capitalize on the present strengths of the patient to make him as much independent a possible. That’s the quality of life am sure anyone would like.

Occupational Therapy is a health care profession concerned with people of all ages whose everyday activities have been affected by physical, cognitive and mental health problems. Occupational therapists use purposeful activities and variety of treatment methods to obtain a desired level of functioning in self-care, play and leisure.

Traditionally occupational therapy has been providing services to people with disabilities/injuries due to various neurological, geriatric, plastic surgery, vascular, orthopedic problem. But occupational therapy services have expanded into new domains. Occupational health and ergonomic consultations are now provided for companies and individuals.

Occupational therapist offer services in the following domain:-
1. Neurological rehabilitation
2. Pediatric rehabilitation
3. Orthopedic rehabilitation
4. Hands and upper limb rehabilitation
5. Geriatric rehabilitation
6. Burns and plastic surgery
7. Vascular rehabilitation
8. Oncological rehabilitation
9. Psychiatric rehabilitation
10. Home assessment


Neurological Rehabilitation
Service are offered to people with Neurological disorders such as stroke, brain injury, Parkinson’s disease etc., Services offered are
1. Motor retraining
2. Cognitive and perceptual retraining
3. Training in activities of daily living
4. Purposeful activities to achieve mobilization
5. Designing and fabricating splints to prevent contracture or to aid in function
6. Prescription of assertive devices and adaptive equipment
7. Home assessment and modification
8. Patient and caretaker education
9. Counseling

Geriatric Rehabilitation
Services provided for elderly with dysfunction like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s etc. includes
1. safety assessment to alleviate or eliminate falls
2. Training in activities of daily living
3. Prescription of aids and equipment’s
4. Home assessments and modification
5. Training for the caretaker

Burns and plastic surgery
Occupational therapy services provided to people who are burns injuries or have undergone reconstructive surgeries includes
1. Positioning and splinting to prevent contracture of effected joints
2. Mobilization and exercises
3. Scar management using customized pressure garments

Vascular Rehabilitation
Services provided for people with vascular diseases that result in limb amputations include
1. Counseling
2. Stump conditioning, compression bandaging
3. Pre-prosthetic training, which includes
a. Training in self-care activities
b. Training in wheel chair mobility and transfer
c. Recommendation for assistive devices
d. Home assessment and modifications
4. Post prosthetic training which includes
a. Training in self-care activities with prosthesis
b. Assessment for need of assistive devices
c. Home assessment and modification

Oncological Rehabilitation
Service provided for cancer patients includes
1. Exercises and purposeful activities
2. Training in activities of daily living
3. Prescription of assistive devices and adaptive equipment
4. Home assessment and modification
5. Counseling

Psychiatric Rehabilitation
Occupational therapy in psychiatric condition includes
1. Stress management
2. Appropriate activities to reduce unwanted behavior
3. Individual or group therapy

Pediatric Rehabilitation
Occupational therapy assessment and intervention are helpful in children with neuro-developmental delays caused by birth trauma or brain damage. Services offered are
1. Training to enhance gross motor coordination
2. Splinting and positioning
3. Sensory integration therapy
4. Play therapy
5. Visual perception training
6. Home assessment and modification
7. Assistive devices
8. Parental counseling

Orthopedic rehabilitation
Services provided for people with musculo-skeletal disorders include
1. Exercises and purposeful activities
2. Training in activities of daily living
3. Designing and fabricating splints
4. Wheelchair assessment and training
5. Prescription of assistive devices
6. Home assessment and modification
7. Education programs on join protection and energy conservation of conditions like Rheumatoid Arthritis and Lumbago

Hands and upper limb rehabilitation
Therapy is offered to people who had injuries with the goal to help the individual to achieve optimal functions of the upper limbs so as to regain independence in their activities of daily living.
1. Services are provided in the form of splinting, heat application, mobilization and strengthening exercises
2. Purposeful activities to improve joint range and muscle strength
3. Energy conservation and joint protection techniques
4. Re-education hand functions





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